Fungi from the Duke Forest and nearby North Carolina


Mycological Research in the Duke Forest

A phylogenetic arrangement of fungi from the Duke Forest Mycological Observatory

note on classification:  the following taxonomic groupings represent new knowledge about evolutionary relationships based on phylogenetic studies.  See Hibbett and Thorn (2000) for a current review of basidiomycete phylogeny.   For more information about phylogenetic systematics of agarics please consult our pages on agaric phylygeny.
quick links:
Basidiomycetes: mushrooms, rusts, and smuts
Ascomycetes: yeasts, loculoascomycetes, plectomycetes, pyrenomycetes and discomycetes
Glomales: arbuscular mycorrhizae
Zygomycetes, trichomycetes
Chytridiomycetes
Myxomycetes

Mycology research in Duke Forest


Basidiomycetes: mushrooms, rusts, and smuts

subdivision Hymenomycetoideae
subdivision Urediniomycetes
subdivision Ustilaginomycetes
subdivision Hymenomycetoideae

euagarics - includes most gilled mushrooms and their non-gilled relatives, including the true puffballs, some coral fungi, and many species with highly modified agaricoid fruit bodies (secotioid species).
Amanita virosa, T. Rhese, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Amanita rubescens, T. Rhese, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Amanita sp., A. Kovalenko, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Collybia kauffmanii, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Rhodocollybia badiialba, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Megacollybia platyphylla, RV 00/28, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Xerula radicata, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Xerula americana, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Hohenbeuhelia geogenia, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Marasmius fulvoferrugineus, Douglas 2012, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Marasmiellus candidus, R. Vilgalys 00/25, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Marasmiellus candidus (closeup of gills), R. Vilgalys 00/25, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Marasmiellus candidus, R. Vilgalys 00/30, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Nolanea sp., R. Vilgalys 00/31, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Dermocybe semisanguinea, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Lacrymaria (Psathyrella) velutina, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Panellus stypticus, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Panellus stypticus (closeup), Duke Forest, Aug 31
Hypholoma ca. fasciculare, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Psilocybe sylvatica, RV 00/27, Duke Forest Aug 31
Stropharia hardii, J, Thacker, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Phaeomarasmius erinacellus, B. Tweed, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Coprinus lagous, T. James 00-95, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Inocybe sp., R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Fistulina hepatica (pores), Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Fistulina hepatica (top), Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Fistulina hepatica (bottom), Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Calostoma cinnabarina, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Calostoma ravenellii, H. O'Brien 00/9/13, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Lentaria micheneri, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Clavaria fumosa, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Clavaria fumosa, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Clavulinopsis sp., R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19

boletes - fleshy poroid fungi, sister group to the euagarics.  Includes two major evolutionary lines: the suilloids and the boletoids.
Boletus sp, N. Douglas, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Boletus sp., Lake Powhatan, Sept. 2
Boletus curtisii, H. O'Brien 00/9/15, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Boletus ornatipes, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Boletellus betula, Duke forest, Sept. 8
Suillus hirtellus, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, FACE site, Sept 10
Paxillus atrotomentosus, T. James 00-96, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Scleroderma polyrhiza, R. Vilgalys 00/24, Duke Forest, Aug 31

thelephoroid/hydnoid clade -
Hydnellum aurantiacum, R. Vilgalys, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2

polyporoid clade - includes major portion of "classic" polypore species, some species with lamellae, as well as many corticioid groups.  Includes both brown and white rot fungi.
Haplopilus nidulans, R. Vilgalys 00/22, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Daedalea quercina, TMR11, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Merulius incarnatus, TMR, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Merulius incarnatus, TMR, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Merulius incarnatus, N. Douglas 2015, Duke Forest, Sept 19

russuloids - morphologically diverse clade that includes several agarics (e.g., Russula, Lactarius) and many polypopres, tooth fungi, and corals other species
Russula ballouii, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Russula compacta, R. Vilgalys 00/20, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Russula compacta, R. Vilgalys 00/20, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Russula virescens, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Russula flavida, JM Moncalvo, Duke Forest, Oct 2
Lactarius fragilis, Douglas 2011, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Lactarius peckii, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Lactarius sp., R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 10
Rickenella fibula, T. Rhese, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Rickenella fibula, T. Rhese, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Rickenella fibula, T. Rhese, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Clavicorona pyxidata, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Stereum ostrea, no collection, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Stereum ostrea, no collection, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Stereum sp., T. Rehse, Duke Forest, Sept 19
Xylobolus frustulatus, Duke Forest, Sept 19

hymenochaetoids - white rot fungi, most with characteristic dark xanthochroic tissues (in KOH) and hymenial setae, imperforate dolipore septum in most species.
Trichaptum biforme, no collection, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Trichaptum biforme, no collection, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2

cantharelloid - the true chanterelles and their related coral fungi characterized by having stichic basidia.  Also includes several corticioid fungi, the tulasnelloid orchid associates
Cantharellus cinnabarinus, N. Douglas 2010, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Craterellus fallax, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Craterellus fallax, Duke Forest, Sept 8
Clavulina cristata, H. Obrien 00/8/1, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Clavulina cristata, R. Vilgalys 00/29, Duke Forest, Aug 31

gomphoid-phalloid clade - includes stinkhorns, hysterangiums (truffle-like relatives of stinkhorns),  coral fungi related to Ramaria, Clavariadelphus, and Gomphus
Ramaria formosa, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Geastrum saccatum, Duke Forest, Sept 8

auriculariales

tremellales
Dacromyces palmatus, N. Douglas 2013, Duke Forest, Aug 31
Exidia, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19

phylogenetic position uncertain
unidentified corticioid fungus, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
unidentified corticioid fungus, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19

subdivision Urediniomycetes
    Septobasidiales
Septobasidium curtisii, D. Henk, Asheville, Sept 2
Septobasidium curtisii, D. Henk, Asheville, Sept 2

subdivision Ustilaginomycetes

Ectomycorrhizal plants associated with Basidiomycetes
Monotropa hypopithys, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
Monotropa hypopithys, Lake Powhatan, Sept 2
M. hypopithys, Duke Forest, Sept 8
M. uniflora, Duke Forest, Sept 8

Ascomycetes: yeasts, loculoascomycetes, plectomycetes, pyrenomycetes and discomycetes

A discomycete: Geoglossum ophioglossoides, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
A discomycete: Sarcoscypha occidentalis, R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19
A plectomycete: Erisyphe sp., R. Vilgalys, Duke Forest, Sept 19

Glomales: arbuscular mycorrhizae

Zygomycetes, trichomycetes

Chytridiomycetes

Myxomycetes

Stemonitis sp., TMR12, Duke Forest, Sept. 8


Mycology research in Duke Forest

FACE site mycology research: A. Kovalenko
FACE site mycology research: W. Schlesinger, A. Kovalenko, H. Sung, J. File
FACE site mycology research: W. Schlesinger, A. Kovalenko, H. Sung, J. File
Duke Forest habitats:  xeric hardpan forest in the Korstian Division
Duke Forest habitats: New Hope Creek
Duke Forest habitats: old cemetery in Korstian Division
Duke Forest habitats: Oosting permanent sample plot 35
Duke Forest habitats: Oosting permanent sample plot 37
Duke Forest habitats: Bob Peet in the Korstian Division
Bio220 Mycology Class - fall 2000
Bio220 Mycology lab - fall 2000
FACE site entrance
FACE site CO2 generator
Amanita citrina fruiting at FACE site
Suillus cauthurnatus fruiting at FACE site
view from top of FACE towers
green snake at FACE site

Images from the Asheville Mushroom Fair, Sept 2-3, 2000

lake powhatan camp
lake powhatan camp
lake powhatan camp
1. sorting and identifying fungi
2. Tim and Norm sorting and identifying
3. Christine sorting
4. Ben and Malia sorting
5. Dennis and Terry
6. sorting
7. still sorting
8. identifying...
10. Austen and Cymon
11. Hack and Coleman
12. duke and appalachian students
13. sorting....
14. burning
15. Austen
16. Hack




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